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making process of structure conductivity correlation in ferric chloride

  • Structure conductivity correlation in ferric chloride ...

    Structure–conductivity correlation in ferric chloride-doped poly(3-hexylthiophene) Rajiv K Singh1, Jitendra Kumar1, Ramadhar Singh1,3, Rama Kant2, R C Rastogi2, Suresh Chand1 and Vikram Kumar1 1 National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110012, India 2 Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India

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  • Structure–conductivity correlation in ferric chloride ...

    2006-7-5 · Structure–conductivity correlation in ferric chloride-doped poly(3-hexylthiophene) Rajiv K Singh 1, Jitendra Kumar 1, Ramadhar Singh 1,3, Rama Kant 2, R C Rastogi 2, Suresh Chand 1 and Vikram Kumar 1. Published 5 July 2006 • IOP Publishing and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft New Journal of Physics, Volume 8, July 2006

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  • Structure conductivity correlation in ferric chloride ...

    Structure conductivity correlation in ferric chloride-doped poly(3-hexylthiophene. New Journal of Physics, 2006. Rama Kant. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. Read Paper. Structure conductivity correlation in ferric chloride-doped poly(3-hexylthiophene. Download.

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  • low price of structure conductivity correlation in

    Ferric sulfate | Fe2(SO4)3 - PubChem. 1998-1-1 · The highest conductivity are exhibited in the GICs with a stage 4 structure. They are, respectively, 3.1 xlO'ScrrT1 for GIC from HOPG and 1.2 x 103 S cm'1 for GIC from NG, being 11 and 3 times higher than those of pristine graphite (2.8 x 104 and 3.3 x 102 S …

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  • Ferric chloride | FeCl3 - PubChem

    2020-1-1 · Polyaniline-Ferric chloride (PANI-Fe) composite was prepared by the chemical oxidative polymerization method. The formation of Polyaniline-Ferric chloride (PANI-Fe) composited was characterized by various methods like UV–Vis spectroscopy, Fourier transforms infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, Energy dispersion X-ray (EDX-ray), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and …

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  • Synthesis of ferric chloride doped in polyaniline and

    2015-1-25 · Structure and Temperature Dependence of Electrical ... (PTh) has been synthesized at three different temperatures by oxidation process with ferric chloride as an oxidizing agent. Samples were confirmed to be non- crystalline by XRD studies. ... temperature of making the polymer affects the properties such as structure and optical properties.

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  • Structure and Temperature Dependence of Electrical ...

    2020-11-18 · The layout of conductors on the board is formed by a chemical etching process in which a concentrated ferric chloride (FeCl 3) solution is utilized for the complete etching of the unprotected Cu...

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  • Copper Reactivity Etching: a KS5 chemistry resource

    2010-1-1 · Ferric chloride (13% Fe) was selected as the most used and well-known coagulant in drinking water production. ... showing that floc structure is highly modified during the coagulation process. Final structure is clearly different from the initial structure of bentonite floculi formed by action of the ionic strength of tap water. ... highlighted ...

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  • Ferric chloride | FeCl3 - PubChem

    2016-4-1 · These positive values in the whole temperature range indicates structure making properties of studied system. Using Heppler’s equation : (5) ∂ E ϕ o ∂ T p = ∂ 2 V ϕ o ∂ T 2 p = 2 a 2 the Hepler’s coefficient was calculated. Obtained negative value of −3.96 · 10 −3 cm 3 · mol −1 · K −2 indicates structure breaking properties of investigated ionic liquid.

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  • Copper Reactivity Etching: a KS5 chemistry resource

    Improvement of structure and electrical conductivity of activated carbon by catalytic graphitization using N 2 plasma pretreatment and iron(III) loading. Shukai Shi, Xiaoyan Zhou *, Weimin Chen, Minzhi Chen *, Thiphuong Nguyen, Xin Wang and Wei Zhang College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, No. 159 Longpan Road, Nanjing 210037, China.

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  • Structure making properties of 1-(2-hydroxylethyl)-3 ...

    2008-12-1 · Differences between organic coagulants and ferric chloride are also noticed in terms of structure. An example of log–log plot of I versus q is presented in Fig. 3(a) for bentonite in tap water only, and the same suspension coagulated by ferric chloride and a polymeric coagulant C595. This figure clearly shows differences of slope between the ...

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  • Ferric Chloride (FeCl3) - Formula, Test, Colour, Uses ...

    2021-6-22 · Chloride (Cl-) together with sodium (Na) forms common salt (sodium chloride). Chloride should not be confused with the gas, chlorine (Cl2). Chlorine is a highly reactive compound and is used as a disinfec­ tant. Chloride is the same element in the form of a salt. Chlorine and chloride have dramatically different chemical properties.

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  • Improvement of structure and electrical conductivity

    2013-9-1 · The rapid increase in the values of the density of ferric chloride pretreated samples is attributed to the formation of crosslinked and cyclized ring structure incorporating closer packing of the polymer chains resulting from intramolecular crosslinking and the cyclization reactions .. Similar behavior was reported by Takaku et al. during their work on thermal stabilization of ...

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  • Coagulation and ultrafiltration: Understanding of the

    M. Jekel, G.L. Amy, in Interface Science and Technology, 2006 3.3. Iron oxide based adsorbents. The high capacities of amorphous ferric hydroxide for arsenate led to the development of granular ferric hydroxides (GEH ® or GFH™) in 1990 – 1994 at the Technical University of Berlin, Department of Water Quality Control. The technique provides a simple filtration process over granular ...

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  • Understanding Your Fish Pond Water Analsysis Report

    2019-10-1 · Impact of ferric chloride addition on phosphate removal: (a) direct addition with pH adjusted to 6, 7 or 8 (b) addition of previously precipitated ferric chloride. When adding ferric chloride by adjusting the pH, the rapid mechanism of coprecipitation and phosphate adsorption predominates in the HFOs formed.

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  • structure conductivity correlation in ferric chloride for

    Structure conductivity correlation in ferric chloride ... Structure–conductivity correlation in ferric chloride-doped poly(3-hexylthiophene) Rajiv K Singh1, Jitendra Kumar1, Ramadhar Singh1,3, Rama Kant2, R C Rastogi2, Suresh Chand1 and Vikram Kumar1 1 National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110012, India 2 Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India

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  • Ferric chloride | FeCl3 - PubChem

    A non-contact method of measuring the conductivity of pure and mixed stages of graphite-ferric chloride intercalation compounds has been outlined. This r.f. technique is insensitive to the degree of anisotropy and is found to be well suited to the measurement of in-plane conductivities in quasi-two-

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  • Conductivity measurements on graphite-ferric

    2020-11-18 · Ferric chloride (FeCl3) has widespread use as an etchant in the PCB industry and for photochemical machining. Although the corrosion process of copper in …

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  • Corrosion inhibition of copper in ferric chloride ...

    The Structure of Ferric Chloride in Neutral and Acid Solutions BY G. W BRADU, M. B. ROBIN, AKD J. YARIMBI Receizied February 3 , 1964 X-Ray diffraction and spectral studies demonstrate that the structure of a concentrated solution of FeC13 in water is strongly influenced by the presence of H + ions.

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  • The Structure of Ferric Chloride in Neutral and Acid ...

    2008-12-1 · Differences between organic coagulants and ferric chloride are also noticed in terms of structure. An example of log–log plot of I versus q is presented in Fig. 3(a) for bentonite in tap water only, and the same suspension coagulated by ferric chloride and a polymeric coagulant C595. This figure clearly shows differences of slope between the ...

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  • Ferrous chloride | FeCl2 - PubChem

    2020-4-3 · Recently, it has been found that surface tension of a colloid solution maintained lower value by microwave irradiation even after the microwave was turned off. The results verified bubbles around particles due to microwave. In this study, the surface tension and particle-bubble were monitored during and after the irradiation for suspension from an aqueous solution of ferric chloride.

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  • Coagulation and ultrafiltration: Understanding of the

    Improvement of structure and electrical conductivity of activated carbon by catalytic graphitization using N 2 plasma pretreatment and iron(III) loading. Shukai Shi, Xiaoyan Zhou *, Weimin Chen, Minzhi Chen *, Thiphuong Nguyen, Xin Wang and Wei Zhang College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, No. 159 Longpan Road, Nanjing 210037, China.

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  • Surface Tension of Aqueous Ferric Chloride Solution

    The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties.

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  • structure conductivity correlation in ferric chloride for

    Structure conductivity correlation in ferric chloride ... Structure–conductivity correlation in ferric chloride-doped poly(3-hexylthiophene) Rajiv K Singh1, Jitendra Kumar1, Ramadhar Singh1,3, Rama Kant2, R C Rastogi2, Suresh Chand1 and Vikram Kumar1 1 National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110012, India 2 Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India

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  • Processing-Structure-Property Correlation

    In this research article, wood based microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) was studied to gain a better understanding of the process of dependent network formation. Networking potentia

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  • Structure-Thermal Conductivity Tentative Correlation

    Structure-Thermal Conductivity Tentative Correlation for Hybrid Aerogels Based on Nanofibrillated Cellulose-Mesoporous Silica Nanocomposite

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  • On processing structure–conductivity relations in

    The present investigation focuses on understanding the structure–electric conductivity correlation in NASICON-type LiSn2(PO4)3 (LSP) powders prepared via solid-state reaction method. LSP powders synthesized at different temperatures were characterized for their structural and electrical properties using lab source powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution synchrotron X-ray diffraction ...

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  • TITRIMETRIC ANALYSIS OF CHLORIDE

    2009-5-12 · 2. The ferric ion, Fe3+ (the Volhard method); 3. Adsorption indicators such as fluorescein (the Fajans method). In this experiment, we will be using dichlorofluorescein, a Fajans (adsorption) indicator, to detect the endpoint chemically; however, it is useful to briefly describe all three methods of endpoint detection. Titrimetric Analysis ...

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  • IMPACT OF INTERFERING COMPOUNDS ON THE FERRIC

    2013-4-19 · flocculation using ferric chloride. Ferric chloride coagulation is an economical form of treatment and can exhibit high arsenic removal efficiencies, making ferric chloride advantageous for application in small public treatment systems. Ferric chloride (FeCl 3·6H 2O) is an inorganic metal salt that can be purchased in solid or solution form.

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  • Electrochemical synthesis and characterization of

    1998-1-1 · The sample had a dimension of 6 x 12 x 0.43 and a mass of 0.05 g. A platinum plate was employed as the counter electrode. Anhydrous ferric chloride with 99 wt% purity was dissolved into distilled water as the electrolyte. One hundred millili- ters of the electrolyte was used in each electrochemical process.

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  • Ferric Chloride (FeCl3) - Formula, Test, Colour, Uses ...

    2016-4-1 · These positive values in the whole temperature range indicates structure making properties of studied system. Using Heppler’s equation : (5) ∂ E ϕ o ∂ T p = ∂ 2 V ϕ o ∂ T 2 p = 2 a 2 the Hepler’s coefficient was calculated. Obtained negative value of −3.96 · 10 −3 cm 3 · mol −1 · K −2 indicates structure breaking properties of investigated ionic liquid.

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  • Structure making properties of 1-(2-hydroxylethyl)-3 ...

    2018-5-17 · Structure-Property-Fracture Mechanism Correlation

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  • Cleaner Tannery Wastewater Using Chemical Coagulants

    2020-4-1 · process. 1000 ml of some samples were treated respectively with 100mg/L, 150mg/L and 200mg/L of Ferrous sulfate and 1000mg/L of Calcium hydroxide as a coagulant aid, and some others were treated with the same dose of Ferric chloride and Ca (OH) 2. Each coagulant was mixed well with

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  • Cupric chloride | CuCl2 - PubChem

    2021-3-17 · took place in ferric chloride (FeCl3). In the next stage of transfer, the foil with graphene was transferred to Si or SiO2 substrate. The foil on the target substrate was positioned on the layer of deionized water. Then the set of substrate-graphene and PMMA foil …

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  • Optimization of Glutathione Adhesion Process to

    2020-7-23 · Conductivity testing of the [email protected]/PVA nanocomposite For resistance testing of the [email protected]/PVA composite sample, a copper plate was etched with a ferric chloride solution to create a break in circuit and was weighed, shown in Fig. S1.

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  • Formation of dialysis-free Kombucha-based bacterial ...

    2021-2-2 · Ferric chloride (FeCl 3 ·6H 2 O), hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2, 30 wt%) and hydrazine hydrate (N 2 H 4 ·H 2 O, 40–50%) were purchased with Guangzhou Chemical Reagent Factory. Synthesis of BNNS. The high-pressure homogenization method was used to exfoliate and prepare the few-layer boron nitride nanosheet.

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  • Preparation and characterization of boron nitride ...

    2020-4-24 · Ferric oxide-amine material was synthesized and applied as a novel adsorbent for nitrate and phosphate removal from aqueous solution. The properties of ferric oxide-amine were examined using TGA, FTIR, BET, SEM, EDX, SEM-mapping, and XRD analysis. The results showed that the adsorption using ferric oxide-amine material reached equilibrium after 30 and 60 min for nitrate and …

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  • Preparation, Characterization, and Application of

    2009-3-2 · A. Ferrous is better than ferric. Ferric chloride is, in my opinion, of little use in chemical waste treatment. Ferric ion precipitates as a ferrihydrite (commonly called 'ferric hydroxide') at a pH of 3 - 4. This is too low a value to achieve effective co-precipitation of most transition metals, like Cu.

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  • Ferric chloride or sulphate vs. ferrous chloride/sulphate

    2020-5-14 · Water and gas permeability coefficients of concrete with different water-binder (w/b) ratios and admixtures were measured by a self-designed test device based on the steady-state flow method for liquid and the method of differential pressure in stability for gas, respectively. In addition, the micropore structure of concrete was determined by >1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR).

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  • NYU Media Research Lab

    2019-4-2 · Sodium Chloride and 0.001 Ferric Chloride solutions is the solvent. Hcrc, two sharp changes in slopc can bc seen: the first at a solution time of —0.29, and the second at 1.13, these being the PH's charac- teristic of Ferric Chloride and Sodium Chloride respectively—sec Solvent (Salt solutions in 0.001 M concentration) Water

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  • Atomistic insight into lithospheric conductivity

    2021-6-3 · The delocalization of e − and H + and consequent hopping within the amphibole structure results in an increase in mineral conductivity 14,16, a feature that may have a …

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  • Silver Chloride - Structure, Properties, and Uses of AgCl

    An electrophotographic developer roller is made by casting urethane prepolymer mixed with a butadiene, a trifunctional curative and ferric chloride powder. After curing, the roller is baked, which oxidizes the outer surface. The oxidized surface layer is electrically resistive, which is desirable in a developer roller. An excellent developer roller is achieved at low production cost.

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  • US5804114A - Process of making a polyurethane

    Based on its high Li-ion conductivity, argyrodite Li6PS5Br is a promising solid electrolyte for all-solid-state batteries. However, more understanding is required on the relation between the solid electrolyte conductivity and the solid-state battery performance with the argyrodite structure, crystallinity an Recent Open Access Articles 2017 Journal of Materials Chemistry A HOT Papers

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  • Revealing the relation between the structure, Li-ion ...

    Zinc chloride is a chemical compound with the formula ZnCl 2. There exist nine different crystalline forms of zinc chloride that are currently known. These hydrates of ZnCl 2 are either white in colour or colourless. All of them are highly soluble in water. Zinc chloride exhibits hygroscopic qualities, i.e. it attracts and captures the water ...

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  • Calcium Chloride (CaCl2) - Structure, Properties, and

    2014-4-28 · In addition, the angles of Te1–Bi–Te2 and Bi–Te2–Bi are 174.6° and 180°, respectively, making them similar to the rocksalt structure since the rocksalt has an angle of 180° exactly.

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  • Zinc Chloride (ZnCl2) - Structure, Properties, & Uses

    2021-6-30 · A new alternative seawater desalination membrane to produce drinking water. According to the World Health Organization, about 785 million people around the world lack a clean source of drinking water. Despite the vast amount of water on Earth, most of it is seawater and freshwater accounts for on

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  • The cleanroom-free rapid fabrication of a liquid ...

    2018-9-4 · conductivity sensors have advantages such as cost effective and easy to fabricate, making the device much accessible for water quality monitoring in developing countries. 2 Materials and methods 2.1 Design and working principle The general structure of the developed conductivity sensor is shown in Fig.a. The whole device includes two main 1

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  • Cupric chloride | CuCl2 - PubChem

    2015-3-23 · also provide guidance for structure and process optimization. Milestones This project began in 2012. • Achieve capability to fabricate greater than 1 × 5 square centimeter (cm2) polymer sheets by means of the proposed gel-extrusion and hot drawing process (Completed). • Reach a thermal conductivity greater than 30 W m –1K in 1 × 5 cm2 ...

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  • Continos rocessing of High hermal Conctivit olethlene ...

    2017-7-31 · Chloride is reported to play a significant role in corrosion reactions, products and kinetics of ferrous metals. To enhance the understanding of the effects of soil environments, especially the ...

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  • Effects of chloride ions on corrosion of ductile iron

    Based on its high Li-ion conductivity, argyrodite Li6PS5Br is a promising solid electrolyte for all-solid-state batteries. However, more understanding is required on the relation between the solid electrolyte conductivity and the solid-state battery performance with the argyrodite structure, crystallinity an Recent Open Access Articles 2017 Journal of Materials Chemistry A HOT Papers

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  • Revealing the relation between the structure, Li-ion ...

    2019-12-12 · A detailed study of the microscopic structure of an electrolyte solution, cesium chloride (CsCl) in water, is presented. For revealing the influence of salt concentration on the structure, CsCl solutions at concentrations of 1.5, 7.5, and 15 mol % are investigated. For each concentration, we combine total scattering structure factors from neutron and X-ray diffraction and 10 partial radial ...

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  • Understanding the Structure of Aqueous Cesium

    2009-3-2 · A. Ferrous is better than ferric. Ferric chloride is, in my opinion, of little use in chemical waste treatment. Ferric ion precipitates as a ferrihydrite (commonly called 'ferric hydroxide') at a pH of 3 - 4. This is too low a value to achieve effective co-precipitation of most transition metals, like Cu.

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  • Ferric chloride or sulphate vs. ferrous chloride/sulphate

    2012-10-25 · Soil Hydraulic Conductivity and Septic System Performance—RW-2-W Purdue extension Table 1. Selected soil morphology and soil hydraulic conductivity measurements (converted to loading rates) and loading rates from ISDH Rule 410 IAC 6-8.1 based solely on structure and texture. Horizon Texture Structurea Measured K sat Converted to Loading Rate ...

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  • Soil Hydraulic Conductivity and Septic System

    Electrical conductivity in liquids is another matter entirely. Here, the charge carriers are ions: electrically imbalanced atoms or molecules that are free to drift because they are not “locked” into a lattice structure as is the case with solid substances. The degree of electrical conductivity of any liquid is therefore dependent on the ...

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